Wedding Photography With Prime Lenses: Tips And Tricks For Better Shots

Shooting a wedding with just two prime lenses
Shooting a wedding with just two prime lenses from

The Advantages of Prime Lenses in Wedding Photography

When it comes to capturing those special moments on your wedding day, the type of lens you use can make a big difference. While zoom lenses can be convenient, prime lenses offer some distinct advantages. For one, they tend to have wider apertures, which means you can achieve a shallower depth of field and create more bokeh in your shots. Additionally, prime lenses often offer better image quality and sharper focus, making them ideal for capturing the fine details of your wedding day.

Choosing the Right Prime Lenses

When it comes to selecting prime lenses for wedding photography, there are a few key factors to consider. First, think about the types of shots you want to take. If you’re looking to capture wide-angle shots of the venue and the surrounding scenery, a 24mm or 35mm lens might be a good choice. For more intimate shots of the bride and groom, a 50mm or 85mm lens can produce beautiful results. Finally, if you want to capture close-up details like the rings or the flowers, a macro lens may be necessary.

Mastering Depth of Field

One of the biggest advantages of using prime lenses in wedding photography is the ability to create a shallow depth of field. This technique can be used to draw attention to specific elements in the shot, such as the bride and groom’s faces or the wedding rings. To achieve this effect, use a wide aperture (f/2.8 or wider) and position your subject in front of a distant background. This will blur the background and create a beautiful bokeh effect.

Getting Creative with Composition

Another advantage of using prime lenses is that they force you to think more creatively about your composition. Since you can’t zoom in or out, you have to physically move closer to or further away from your subject to achieve the desired framing. This can lead to more interesting and dynamic shots, as you experiment with different angles and perspectives.

Dealing with Low Light Conditions

Wedding receptions and ceremonies often take place in low light conditions, which can make it challenging to capture sharp, detailed shots. Prime lenses with wider apertures can help by allowing more light to enter the lens, but you should also consider using external lighting sources like flashes or strobes. Additionally, don’t be afraid to increase your ISO settings to achieve a brighter exposure, but be aware that this can also introduce more noise into your shots.

Choosing the Right Focal Length for Group Shots

While prime lenses are great for capturing intimate shots of the bride and groom, they can be less ideal for group shots. If you’re looking to capture large groups of people, consider using a wider focal length like a 24mm or 35mm lens. This will help you fit everyone into the frame without having to stand too far back.

Using Prime Lenses for Candid Shots

Candid shots are a big part of wedding photography, and prime lenses can be great for capturing these fleeting moments. Since they tend to have faster autofocus and sharper focus, you can quickly capture those unexpected moments without worrying about missing the shot. Additionally, using a shallower depth of field can help isolate the subject and create a more striking image.

Investing in Quality Prime Lenses

While prime lenses can be more expensive than zoom lenses, they can also offer better image quality and greater versatility. Investing in a set of high-quality prime lenses can pay off in the long run, as they can be used for a wide range of photography styles beyond just weddings. Look for lenses with fast apertures, durable construction, and high-quality optics.

Practice, Practice, Practice

Finally, the key to mastering wedding photography with prime lenses is practice. Take the time to experiment with different lenses, apertures, and compositions, and don’t be afraid to make mistakes. With time and practice, you’ll develop your own unique style and techniques that will help you capture stunning shots on your wedding day and beyond.


While prime lenses may require a bit more effort and investment than zoom lenses, they can offer some significant advantages in wedding photography. By choosing the right lenses, mastering depth of field, and getting creative with your compositions, you can capture stunning shots that will stand the test of time. So don’t be afraid to experiment and practice, and you’ll be well on your way to becoming a master of wedding photography with prime lenses.

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